Types of winds and how to identify them

Wind is an important element that influences many aspects of the daily life of living beings. There is a direct relationship between wind and meteorological phenomena, the force of the wind manages to drive the rain-laden clouds and intervenes in the increase in temperature.

Wind can be described as one of the processes of the atmosphere, which seeks to maintain the balance between the natural elements of the planet. Here are some interesting facts about the wind and its types.

What is the wind?

Wind is a current of air that is generated, moves and causes significant effects in the Earth’s atmosphere. In addition, wind is a meteorological phenomenon that occurs as a result of the movements of the earth (rotation and translation).

If the right atmospheric conditions are combined, the strength and speed of the wind would increase so much that it could become a threat to human life.

Types of winds

The movement of an air mass from one area to another governs the classification of the various types of wind, which are determined by the size of the route they make. For this reason they are divided into 3 large groups: planetary, regional and local.

Planetary Winds

They are generated as a result of the rotational movement of our planet, this type of wind circulates moving over large areas of the earth’s surface, where they are characterized by maintaining a constant direction, which contributes to the transport of a large amount of heat energy.

The planetary winds are grouped into a classification according to their specific characteristics:

Trade winds

The area where the trade winds move goes from the tropics to Ecuador as part of their journey, which is so extensive that it covers a large part of the earth’s surface, they pass over large bodies of water where they are loaded and then returned to the land in abundant rains.

Usually the trade winds move steadily in a northwesterly or southwesterly direction.

Contralisian Winds

In a similar way to the trade winds, they travel from the tropics but with a relevant difference, the contralysians move in the direction of the cold polar circles.

They are warm type winds, loaded with humidity that will transform into abundant rains.

Circumpolar winds

They are generated at the poles of the planet, towards the polar circles; They are very cold winds, the product of air currents that originate from the inclination of the Earth’s axis.

Regional Winds

These are winds whose most outstanding characteristic is that their direction is not permanent, that is to say that it changes according to the seasons of the year; They can also change periodically at some point in the day. Regional winds are the element that most affects the climate conditions of a territory.

Breezes

They are produced depending on the place where they are generated, they can be oceanic as in the coasts or continental typical of the most remote regions, which change direction day and night.

Cyclones

They originate in areas of low atmospheric pressure, which attracts winds with hotter air masses, which rise because they encounter a temperature that is colder in their environment. All of these conditions cause swirling winds to occur.

Anticyclones

They are characteristic of areas where atmospheric pressure is high. Some anticyclones produce a frigid wind, but they do not cause bad weather, they usually do not bring precipitation but they do have an effect on the ocean currents.

Monsoons

They originate when in the summer time the wind moves from south to north, loaded with humidity and generating large amounts of rain. In winter they are dry and cold.

Local Winds

They occur according to the geographical characteristics of a specific region, they are governed by the amount of moisture they collect from the water masses that they cross.

How is the climate in Africa?

The African continent is of great dimensions, it covers an extensive territory that belongs to both hemispheres, for this reason we will find an important diversity of climate throughout the region.

To know how is the climate in Africa? Take into account that the variability of the climate in this area responds to the geographical situation, where each region has its own characteristics in terms of temperature, rainfall, humidity and other factors that determine the predominant type of climate.

Overview of the climate in Africa

In North Africa we find an arid desert climate, with temperatures that can become extremely hot and with very low precipitation levels, it could be said that it hardly rains sporadically in some places.

In this area at night a sudden change in temperature is noticed, as it falls to very cold levels, this is the case of the mountain formations and the Sahara desert itself.

While to the south of the continent we find elements typical of the Mediterranean climate, with two marked seasons of annual rain, another drastic change occurs in the countries that belong to the equatorial zone, since they usually have a constantly high temperature and abundant rainfall throughout the year. year.

Climate typology of Africa according to its regions

The most prevalent climate in Africa is tropical, however the characteristics of the climatic aspects change from one place to another within the continent and each territory or nation has its own type of climate.

Warm weather

The countries that are close to the equator, such as: Madagascar, Congo, Nigeria and Cameroon, have an average temperature of 27 degrees throughout the year, but they differ from the rest due to the fact that the precipitation index is high, with abundant rains that keep it over 1500 mm a year.

Tropical wet

This type of climate extends to countries that are in the Equatorial zone, such as: Angola, Tanzania, Zambia, in the Zambezi river basin or Ivory Coast; High temperatures define the climate with extreme and constant heat, but with the difference that the humidity is much higher, which among other factors gives rise to heavy seasonal rains.

The rainfall index exceeds 2000 mm per year, but as a variant we find that there can be dry months in which this indicator reaches only 60 mm.

Desert

It is the predominant climate in the Sahara desert and the Kalahari desert, it presents extreme temperatures of more than 40 degrees during the day to later drop drastically at nights, which are very cold.

The amount of rainfall is almost nil, it has the constant presence of the subtropical pressure of hot and dry air masses throughout the year.

Tempered

Continuing with the southern part of the African continent, there are dry and rainy seasons that alternate with each other, while the conditions of Southern Africa have a temperate climate throughout the region, as observed in countries such as: Madagascar, the nation of Mozambique , Zambia and Botswana.

Temperate Oceanic

It has mild temperatures due to its proximity to the Indian Ocean, it has winter seasons with cold weather and summers are not so hot. As for the rains, they are constant and the winter months have the highest rate of rainfall.

Mediterranean

The countries that mostly present this type of climate are located in North Africa, such as: Algeria, Morocco and Egypt and to the south by the Cape of Good Hope.

Summer is very dry, with high temperatures, mild winters and moderate rains.

Mountain weather

In a small region of the continent there are areas that are more than 5,000 meters above sea level, examples of them are: Tanzania and Kenya, also the area of ​​the Ethiopian massif, the Rift Valley and the Atlas Mountains, where there are a high percentage of humidity.

All about tourism in Africa

Africa is the third largest continent in the world, a vast territory full of natural wonders, culture and tradition that are so different that you will be amazed by the countless beauties that this beautiful and majestic place on Earth has to offer.

It is a combination of desert, adventure, safari, magic and tradition that goes back to the beginning of time, in fact it is considered the cradle of humanity.

Tourism in Africa involves an amazing journey where you will find impressive routes, which show you the imposing landforms, which are simply spectacular.

The African Continent

Africa has the second largest population on the planet, the approximate number is about one billion people spread over 54 countries; There are some 3,000 indigenous tribes among which the best known are the Zulu, Berber, Hausa, Yoruba, Akan, Mandinka and Kongo.

In addition to the vast continental territory, it has islands and archipelagos, which provide a diversity of landscapes, climate and customs that vary drastically from one place to another on the continent.

An incredible 2,000 languages ​​are spoken in Africa, in addition to frequently used languages ​​such as French, English and Arabic. As for religion, in this place the main religious beliefs that are practiced are Islam, Christianity and Hinduism; the rituals of traditional African religions are also often performed.

Places for sightseeing in Africa

Africa is an incredible place that will make you live a wonderful adventure, with opportunities to know and enjoy a magnificent place, which offers you the best natural parks, white sand beaches on dream islands, and endless activities that will make your stay. an unforgettable experience.

Sahara desert

Africa is the place of the largest desert in the world, the Sahara is located in the north of the continent and includes the countries of Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Libya, Chad, Egypt and Sudan. The temperature in this place ranges from -10 degrees Celsius at night to 60 degrees Celsius during the day.

Kalahari desert

It is one of the most touristic places on the continent, it is located in the south and stretches between Botswana, Namibia and South Africa. It is truly spectacular, as it has periods of rain that make exotic species of endemic flora and fauna flourish.

Among the animals that you can find here are the Okavango lions, the leopard, the elephant, the rhinoceros and the buffalo, which coexist with the kori bustard, a large bird that reaches 1 and a half meters in height, the African jabiru, the fishing owl, the terrestrial hornbill and the martial eagle.

Great Rift Valley and the Great Lakes

It is an area of ​​4800 kilometers located in the southwest of Africa, they are beautiful landscapes that delight tourists with their majestic views.

The Great Rift Valley along with the Lakes of Kenya have been declared a World Heritage Site.

Ethiopian Massif

It is home to the highest mountains in North Africa and stretches across Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Somalia.

Johannesburg, South Africa

It is one of the best known and most modern cities in South Africa, a financial powerhouse with large economic centers, urban planning and hotels that are fully dedicated to providing personalized attention to tourists in comfortable facilities.

Here you can visit the Kruger Park, which is internationally recognized for its camps, shelters and safaris that will give you a unique and natural experience.

Seychelles

It is a paradise of 115 islands that are located in the Indian Ocean, specifically north of Madagascar. The attractions of this place are the incredible beaches, where you can see giant tortoises.

It is one of the places most sought after by tourists, for its beautiful beaches and luxurious resorts that provide a special experience. Thousands of cruises a year travel long distances to this must-see destination full of natural beauty.

AMMA Multidisciplinary Analysis of the African Monsoon

Since the beginning of time, climatological phenomena have been analyzed to understand their nature, since their degree of intensity directly affects all living beings on the surface of our planet.

There are regions where severe climatic changes occur that include the progressive and constant increase in rainfall, as well as powerful electrical storms; other sites, on the other hand, experience long periods of drought, with all the serious problems that this entails.

That is why at the international level a collaboration between countries has been carried out to achieve the study and Multidisciplinary Analysis of the African Monsoon, in order to decipher its variability and behavior.

What is the monsoon?

The monsoon is the movement of an air mass that moves according to the differences in atmospheric pressure; This wind is seasonal and has its origin due to the transit of the equatorial belt.

In the summer season, the winds blow from south to north, loaded with rainfall. In the winter period they transform into winds with dry and cold characteristics.

Why do monsoons form?

The monsoons are generated because when summer arrives, the continent begins to warm up and the air that is in contact with these lands also heats up and begins its ascent.

The air that is over the Indian Ocean begins to move becoming a humid and unstable wind, which brings with it clouds loaded with intense rains and storms that cause natural disasters with large human and material losses, in addition they bring long-term consequences such as disease, hunger and destruction.

What is the Multidisciplinary Analysis of the African Monsoon?

The Multidisciplinary Analysis of the African Monsoon is an international project that studies all the aspects related to the West African Monsoon, in order that we are able to make predictions about its effects on nations, since they usually cause a climate with intense characteristics that they can become a problem in various places on the planet.

This initiative arises from the need to prevent the impacts produced by the African monsoon winds, especially in the warm nations of West Africa, in social, agricultural, hydrological and health aspects.

What is this study about?

The nations actively participating in this project use operational networks that allow them to reach places of interest to organize and establish temporary and permanent observation posts, where detailed information is collected for climate modeling.

With these data it is possible to make numerical forecasts of the climate around the world, which helps in its prediction from anywhere on the planet.

The environmental impact of climate change in the processes of floods and droughts is also evaluated, paying special attention to recurring cases and those that extend over many years, which cause enormous economic losses in addition to the social effects that arise from them. .

Global warming is a phenomenon that will last for many years yet, causing all kinds of natural disasters, it is for this reason that a joint work such as the one carried out for the Multidisciplinary Analysis of the African Monsoon contributes to the design of strategies to determine the variability of atmospheric phenomena, as well as their duration and intensity, which helps nations to orient their objectives and social and productive policies to face the onslaught of nature.

Many of the diseases that occur as a result of the rains, floods and shortages of drinking water, are aggravated in the periods of activity of the Monsoon season, relevant data are also obtained for possible outbreaks of diseases such as malaria, amoebiasis and dengue.

It is evident then the importance that this type of climatological studies have for the well-being of the environment and the living beings that we inhabit in close relationship with it.